Gas Cylinder Safety and Testing

Compressed gases are stored in heavy-walled metal cylinders designed, produced, and tested specifically to store compressed gases.
Depending on its physical characteristics, each cylinder may be in various states: compressed gas, vapor over liquid, supercritical fluid, or dissolvable substrate material.
Cylinders should typically be retested every five to ten years and stamped with the date of each test.

To ensure safe operation, cylinders require regular inspections and tests typically every five to ten years. These procedures verify the integrity of the cylinder and identify any potential issues.

procedures for periodic gas cylinder inspections

List of procedures for periodic gas cylinder inspections and tests
Each cylinder shall be submitted to regular inspections and tests. The following guidelines, where applicable, form the requirements for such inspections and tests and are explained more fully in later clauses:
1. identification of cylinder and preparation for inspection and tests (Clause 5);
2. depressurization and de–valving (Clause 6);
3. external visual inspection (Clause 7);
4. check of internal condition (Clause 8);
5. supplementary tests (Clause 9);
6. inspection of cylinder neck (Clause 10);
7. pressure test or ultrasonic examination (Clause 11);
8. inspection of the valve and other accessories (Clause 12);
9. replacement of cylinder parts (Clause 13);
10. cylinder repairs (Clause 14);
11. final operations (Clause 15);
12. rejection and rendering cylinder unserviceable (Clause 16).
It is recommended that the procedures a) to l) be performed in the sequence listed. In particular, the check of the internal condition [d)] should be carried out before the pressure test or before the ultrasonic examination [g)].
Cylinders that fail an inspection or test shall be rejected (see Clause 16). Where a cylinder passes the above-listed procedures but the condition of the cylinder remains in doubt, additional tests shall be performed to confirm its suitability for continued service (see Clause 9), or the cylinder shall be rendered unserviceable.
Some cylinders may be recovered depending on the reason for rejection (see Annex B).

steamless steel gas cylinder suppliers,Gas Cylinder Safety

Safety Precautions

When using compressed gas cylinders, the following precautions shall be followed at all times:

Only appropriately trained employees must handle and use compressed gas cylinders.
Cylinders must not be used as rollers or supports or for any purpose other than holding and dispensing their contents as received.
Employees and other personnel must keep all open flames and heat sources away from medical oxygen tanks, machines or concentrators, and oxygen tubing.
Repair or alteration of compressed gas cylinders is prohibited.
Cylinders must not be placed where they could become part of an electrical circuit.
When used for electric welding, they should never be grounded or used as grounding sources.
The supplier must be notified immediately if compressed gas containers are exposed to extreme temperature conditions or fire.
All tubing must be periodically examined to ensure its integrity, and any damaged, cracked, or missing pieces must be immediately taken out of service until repaired or replaced by the manufacturer.
If containers or valves become noticeably dented, cut, rusted, or damaged in an accident, their supplier must be notified.
Transferring gases from one compressed gas cylinder to another or attempting to transfer between disposable gas cylinders violates U.S. Department of Transportation regulations and should never occur.
gas cylinders inspections tests,Gas Cylinder Safety

Hydrotesting

Hydrostatic testing entails purging any residual gas from a cylinder, removing its valve, filling it with water, placing the cylinder into a sealed environment, applying pressure greater than service pressure for an agreed-upon period (usually 30 seconds), then releasing and measuring expansion (both permanent and elastic), before emptying and drying out the cylinder before performing an internal visual inspection, stamping it, and installing an acceptable valve (usually its predecessor unless thread count specifications differ or service changes have been completed).
An ultrasonic test involves placing the cylinder in an ultrasonic machine and testing it under ideal circumstances (exterior in good condition, empty of any liquified gases, and closed valve).

DSW Is your one-stop shop for steel, aluminium, composite, and industrial gas tank repairs and services.
Our state-of-the-art testing and maintenance procedures enable us to keep cylinders performing like new.
Some of the services we offer include:
Maintenance
Hydro-testing
Cylinder valve replacements
Shot-blasting
Gas service changes

Regulations and Recommendations

Qualified and authorised personnel must perform gas cylinder inspections and tests according to relevant regulations (e.g., DOT – US, ADR – Europe).
Always refer to the manufacturer’s instructions for specific handling and maintenance procedures for each cylinder type.
Maintain records of all inspections and tests conducted on each cylinder for traceability.
In case of accidents or damaged cylinders, contact [Contact information] for reporting procedures.

The gas cylinder inspections and tests

shall be carried out only by persons competent and authorized under the relevant regulations.
Heat exposure may affect the mechanical properties of steel cylinders. Therefore, the manufacturer recommends limiting the maximum temperature for any operation.

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